TO UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPT OF “NIDAN-DOSHA-DUSHYA-VISHESHEBHYO VIKARVIGHATKAR BHAVAABHAV PRATIVISHESHAA BHAVANTI” OF PRAMEHA 1Vd. Vd.Pooja N. Singh Vd. Priyanjali L.Dhumal1, 2 Vd. Sanjay M.Satpute,
India has higher prevalence of diabetes (Prameha) and is known since vedic period. It is always caused by severe morbidity of dosha. It is said by Aacharyas that collectively 10 dushyas are involved in the pathogenesis of prameha. Many vyadhis mentioned in Samhita granthas were having similar doshas combine with similar dushyas, when external etiological factors vitiate the dosha then dushya also get vitiate which leads to Dhatu vaishmya i.e disease.
Usually three components nidan, dosha and dushya are required for occurance of any disease. When nidan, dosha and dushya are present in equilibrium state then disease does not occurred, because vicar vighat bhavas are present does not lead to dhatu vaishmya and diseased pathology does not happens in body. Opposite of it is vikar vighat abhava that is rapid occurrence of disease, occurrence of disease with all manifested symptoms.
This principle vikar vighat bhavabhav is explained in Charak Samhita as a preventive purpose as well as for understanding the pathogenesis of disease by understanding the correlation between nidan, dosha, and dushya.
Keywords: nidan, dosha, dushya, vikarvighat bhavabhavvikarvighat bhavabhav